Qínná 擒拿, Die 跌, Dǎ 打, Zhì 擲 – Part 3
If our Qínná 擒拿 – Grabbing and Controlling is good, then when we control the opponent’s joint and move it, their whole body will be dragged along and they will not have any control over their own movements. However, if they move before we do, then our lock will not be safe and may not even work and they will unlock themselves. It all depends on who moves first and who is faster. Sometimes, if our opponent is very good, they will move faster then us, even though we have locked them first. They might move in a circle to undo our lock, or just move faster to counter the lock, then they reverse our technique and can lock us back. So whenever we use Qínná on someone, the lock is important and we need to move fast enough to catch them with it. So, with normal catching and joint locking, many people can escape these techniques. With Qínná in the Chinese Kung Fu common to say, “Qínná fǎn guānjié 擒拿反關節.” This means Qínná needs to reverse the joints. This is true. To firmly lock someone’s joint, we must turn it to the side it does not go, like the finger, we can bend back, their wrist we can twist to the wrong side, the elbow we can straighten it out and bend the wrong way and we can do similar things to the neck, the shoulder, the hip, knees and ankles. Qínná can be used against all the joints, and they can all be turned the wrong way, and this can move and control the opponent’s body. This is proper Qínná.